Xanthan gum is a polysaccharidewith many industrial uses, including as a common food additive. It is an effective thickening agent and stabilizer to prevent ingredients from separating. It can be produced from simple sugars using a fermentation process, and derives its name from the species of bacteria used, Xanthomonas campestris.
Sodium Benzoate is a widely used food preservative with an E number of E211. It is the sodium form of Benzoic Acid and exists in the form when dissolved in water. It can be produced by reacting sodium hydroxide with benzoic acid.